B2BI Critical Issues
Important Environmental and Sustainability Concerns Impacting Societal Well-Being in the North Atlantic-Arctic Ocean Region and Beyond
The set of environmental- and sustainability-related issues has been selected based on their beneficial and/or adverse influences on the socio-economics, societal well-being, and ecosystem productivity for the nations and people of the North Atlantic-Arctic region, both at present and in the future. Advances in natural and social sciences have the potential for providing research-based evidence about these issues, improved predictions and longer-term projections. Planning and decision-making on short-to-long term governance and infrastructure to achieve sustainable development will be better informed.A system level approach would be beneficial where interactions and interdependencies need to be considered in a holistic manner.
- The increasing occurrence of extreme events such as heat waves and cold spells, droughts, wildfires, flooding and intensifying storms and hurricanes.
- The changes in weather and climate on landscapes, lifestyles and environmentally-dependent economic sectors including tourism, recreation and small business.
- The co-design of sustainable management of shifting marine resources, fisheries, ecosystems, aquaculture and traditional and industrial harvests.
- The concerns for human health resulting from new and spreading incidence of infectious diseases, contamination, toxic algal blooms, and the disturbance of natural systems.
- The consequences of changing marine trade and transport on infrastructure and communities, including culture and practices of the local and indigenous peoples.
- The ramifications of accelerating sea-level rise for coastal regions on ecosystems, the built-environment, and society.
- The implications of the changing climate on national to human security including indirect effects such as changing demographics and environmental refugees.
- The necessity for increasing renewable energy from wind, solar, waves, and tides to reduce dependency on carbon-based fossil fuels.
- The importance of sustainable use of and demand for natural resources requires adapting to impacts of changing climate.
- The innovation of co-designed strategies, capabilities and governance, that builds capacity and effective decision-making in the face of increasingly rapid change.